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Gun Ownership in America
Use 4 of your own sources(must be academic journals) AND please use the uploaded sources also.
For your fourth project, you will be working on a two part project. The first part of the project will be an evaluative arguments (arguments for the quality or value of an object under review). The second part is a proposal argument. Evaluations often contain implicit proposals (arguments for or against the support or adoption of something) and proposals often contain implicit evaluations (in favor of the action being proposed and/or against alternative proposals). Both are also problem-solving arguments: they seek to resolve a controversy (about the quality of an object or a possible course of action). Thus, though your final project is likely to contain elements of both genres, you will choose which genre (described below) best fits your itinerary for project four.
Both of these genres require effective use of support, and to gather evidence in support of your project, it is critical to explore a broad range of positions and opinions and research about the problem and its possible solutions. This evidence can be found in a variety of sources: in current periodicals and newspapers and websites, in quantitative form such as statistical sources, or in the historical and retrospective format of books which may provide valuable background information.
For this assignment, you will indicate to your instructor that you have surveyed the availability and usefulness of some potential literature to support your investigation. The sources you identify now may be useful for later assignments as well and may lead you to even more appropriate additional sources.
In a fashion similar to the Definition assignment, this project asks you to engage another question that commonly arises in argumentation: “What is the quality of something?” The following are rhetorical situations that might give you some ideas for developing the issue and the purpose for your evaluation. Note that arguments about consumer products are not appropriate for this assignment
1. You might evaluate some aspect of current politics: the quality of a current policy, the importance of a recent Supreme Court decision, or a hometown issue worthy of attention.
2. You might evaluate the nature of a social, economic, environmental or other civic problem or policy.
4. You might make an aesthetic evaluation of a musical groups or a particular album or a play or a movie.
Your invention process will include creating a thesis statement which puts the term or concept you are defining into a category. That category may redefine the way your audience understands the subject or it may broaden and deepen their understanding. The thesis statement will make a claim about either the nature or the quality of something.
You will also develop criteria for evaluating the thing under discussion, and then present supporting details to show how it does or does not fit the criteria. Exploring what others have said or are saying about the topic—testimony and authority—will improve your credibility and the effectiveness of your evaluation.
Your evaluation might take the form of an editorial for your local newspaper or a post to a blob or website that attends to the topic or issue you’re evaluating here; whatever genre or publication route you choose, be sure to address the needs and concerns of that audience when composing your evaluation.
For this assignment, you are to advocate that something should be done to address or alleviate a problem. Your aim is to convince your audience that a situation is a problem and that a certain action should be taken to respond to that problem.
Your starting point might well be something that bothers you and that you feel should be changed. Of course, you might have to convince your readers that it is a problem for them too, if that is not obvious. Then devote the balance of the paper to advocating your plan for dealing with that problem. Remember, this paper can also be an extension of your evaluation argument.
As you work out the rhetorical situation for this writing, pay particular attention to the audience for your proposal. You should be able to specify an actual audience and forum for which you would present the proposal. Consider what your purpose is—to take action or to create grassroots support for an action that someone other than the audience would take. Your audience should be asked either to undertake the action proposed or to support the action proposed.
Consider carefully how differences in audience and forum will influence the specific kind of thesis and support you need to present. As you develop your argument, make effective use of all the strategies of invention that we have been practicing in earlier papers, including the stasis questions, value topics, sources of argument, testimony and authority. You may want to find out how similar policies are enacted in similar situations. You will certainly need to be aware of competing solutions. Supporting the feasibility of your proposal may require investigating implementation, procedure, cost and enforcement.
In composing this argument, you may decide to use the conventional arrangement, presenting the problem first, demonstrating its nature and negative consequences, then moving to your proposed solution, demonstrating its nature and beneficial consequences, and finally dealing with matters of feasibility. However, all the options for arrangement that we have been practicing in earlier essays are available to you. Audience accommodation in all aspects of composing—in invention, arrangement, and style—is essential to an effective proposal.